Physiotherapy is a field of medicine dealing with diagnostics, treatment and prevention of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Physiotherapy is a part of complex rehabilitation process helping patients to deal with and recover from a broad scope of diagnosis and health problems.
Most common health problems, disorders or injuries physiotherapy is dealing with include back and spine aches, headache or joints aches. It also helps patients recovering from injuries or suffering from degenerative or neurological diseases such as arthrosis, stroke or entezopathy.
There are many approaches, methods and concepts of physiotherapy. They all aim to a same goal of achieving the best possible state of patient´s body.
The musculoskeletal system is formed by bones, muscles and joints but also ligaments, tendons and fascia. A proper functioning of the system needs a cooperation of other body systems such as our skin or circulatory system. In an order to provide a complex medical treatment a physiotherapist often cooperates with other specialists.
Disorders of the musculoskeletal system are typically manifested by pain and limitations in our ability to move. However, our bodies are often reacting even before in a form of various muscle imbalances or movement stereotypes changes.
Through individual approach and thorough initial examination (so called kinesiological analysis) a physiotherapist can choose an appropriate therapy and medical procedure. An active cooperation of the patient is a must through the whole therapy.
Physiotherapy for adults
Disorders of the musculoskeletal system could be inherited (inherited development disorders, gained (through ill movement stereotypes), acute (spine blocks, injuries) or chronic. Disorders could also have a psychosomatic origin. Sometimes even the seemingly simple problem could have more complicated reasons. That is the case mainly with chronic and recurring health problems.
UNICARE´s physiotherapists employ techniques and approaches of
- Manual medicine (soft techniques, myofascial techniques, mobilisation)
- Relaxing therapies
- Reflex therapies
- Active exercise based on both developmental kinesiology and classical neurophysiology
- Ergonomic counselling
- Physical therapy
- Additional techniques such as kinesiotaping
An important role of physiotherapy is also prevention of disorders and health problems.
Physiotherapists at Unicare Medical Center pay particular attention to this point and through physiotherapeutic counselling such as training of postular stabilization, breathing optimalization or muscle imbalances removal they strive to improve the patient´s well-being.
Physiotherapy for children
We focus on children already from a childbirth. And not only on children with delayed psycho-motoric development or evident asymmetries such as a head predilection. Also “heathy” children need a physiotherapy sometimes to fix correct motoric customs.
A psycho-motoric development of a child in early age has its characteristics, developmental milestones and is particularly important because it sets a base for all movement habits and stereotypes in later phases of life. The process is rather complex heavily influenced by children´s personality. The development process includes both gross and fine motor skills, sensory development, orofacial area development but also social and mental skills.
In the pre-school age the development of motor skills gains momentum and builds on rudiments from the toddler age. The child is active for the most of a day and through games and plays it teaches many motoric skills. A maturation of the nerve system perfects the gross and fine motor skills.
A physiotherapeutic examination might help in prevention of future disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
The most often problems our specialists are dealing with include:
- Wrong body posture
- Head- and back- aches
- Coordination disorders
- Disorders of the sensory system
- Children´s cerebral palsy, hypotonic syndrome
- Post-traumatic and post-operative conditions
- Central coordination disorder
- Delayed psycho-motoric development
- Birth defects
- Head predilection
- Birth traumas
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Mgr. Kateřina Šimečková