Top Men's Health Risks and How to Prevent Them
The leading cause of death for men in the US, Heart disease, occurs when the heart's arteries become clogged with a buildup of plaque. This causes the heart muscle not to get enough blood flow to result in a heart attack. Risk factors of heart disease include high blood pressure / cholesterol, diabetes, excess weight, and smoking. To reduce the risk of heart disease, it is recommended to eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, maintain a healthy weight, stop smoking, and limit alcohol use.
High Blood Pressure
Also called hypertension, occurs when the force exerted against the artery walls is abnormally high and is known to increase in men around age 45. This additional force can result in aneurysms, heart disease, kidney failure, and vision problems. Risk factors for high blood pressure are eating a lot of salt, drinking too much alcohol, experiencing a high amount of stress, and being overweight or obese. Being active, eating a healthy diet, and limiting consumption of alcohol and cigarettes are steps to keep blood pressure in a normal range.
Cholesterol is a substance that is found in the lipids of the blood. While blood cholesterol has too much cholesterol, it can cause fatty deposits in the blood vessels that can build up, blocking blood flow through the arteries. When blood can not flow to the necessary organs, it could cause a heart attack or stroke. High Cholesterol has no symptoms, which is why it is important for men to see a doctor regularly to keep their cholesterol monitored. High cholesterol is caused by an unhealthy lifestyle, which makes it easy to treat, through diet, exercise and medication.
Lung cancer attributes to the largest number of cancer deaths of men. Signs of lung cancer include wheezing, persistent coughing, and coughing up blood. Typically, men have a higher risk of lung cancer due to occupational exposure (ie exposure to chemicals while working in blue collar jobs) and smoking cigarettes at some point in their life. Men are more likely to develop small cell lung cancers, which tend to grow in the central areas of the lung and spread early on.
The second most common cancer in men, prostate cancer is cancer of the prostate gland. This gland produces some of the fluid in the seed and plays a part of urine control. While prostate cancer is very treatable, it is hard to detect on your own, as there are no visible symptoms in early stages. Because of this, it is important that men get regular screenings to detect it while it is still treatable.