Allergies and 5 ways to prevent them
What causes allergies
Allergic reaction is caused by tiny grains of trees, grasses and weeds containing pollen. As trees, flowers and herbs start to bloom in the spring, it is the most difficult part of the year for an allergic person. Because of their light weight pollens are easilly transmitted in air and breathed in. Especially on breezy days, pollens can travel large distances, cling to our clothes and easily get even into our homes.
Once inside our bodies, they can make human´s immune system to overreact on them. Allergic people´s immune system sees pollen as a dangerous substance and releases antibodies - histamines - into the blood. This reaction then triggers bodily responses such as runny nose, sneezing or watery eyes. Allergy can develop anytime during our lives and everyone can be allergic to different pollens.
How to recognize allergy
If you start suffering from symptoms such as sniffle, sneeze, runny nose, watery eyes, itchy eyes and nose during the allergy season, it is possible your body developed an allergy onto one or more allergens. To detect the exact source it is reccommended to see an allergologist who will provide a thorough examination including family anamnesis and test to determine what causes the allergy. Once the allergologist discovers the source of an allergy it is possible to commence with the treatment.
How to treat allergy
There are more ways to curb with your allergy. At first, the doctor could start a specific immunotherapy treatment, which means a small dose of an allergen is injected into the body to develop a tolerance of the immune system to the allergy. Doses are increase over sessions and the treatment has a long-lasting effect.
Secondly, allergic patients can use medications (antihistaminics) to treat their allergy. For acute cases it is always good to have some medications with you to ease the allergic reaction.
Thirdly, the key to healthy life is always prevention.
How to prevent allergy
1. Limit time outdoors
Especially during breezy days and noons, the concetration of pollens in the air is high. It is wise to plan your day accordingly to avoid the high times. In general, pollens are high during windy days and around noon and low after rain.
2. Eat and sleep well
Rested body can deal with allergies better than when we are under stress, eat unhealthy or don´t sleep enough. Regular consumption of fruits will strengthen the immune system as it contains vitamin C.
3. Take your allergy medicine
Taking the medicine regularly will help to soft the symptoms of your allergy. Use instructions are describe on your medicine.
4. Keep your home clean
Pollens are easily transmitted and cling to our clothes or textile such as carpets or curtains. It is also better to clean and wash matresses, featherbeards and pillows because of mites which are also often a cause of an allergy.
5. Change your clothes at home
When you get home from outdoors it is better to change into new clothes. Grains can easily cling to clothes and pollens then breathed even in our home.